Saturday, August 30, 2008
It is here:
and NOT to be confused with mine.
This article is necessary because it comes at a time where Marxism-Leninism is experiencing a renaissance, from Nepal to Europe and even Arabia. Thus, it becomes necessary to address the question of what is to be done and what science is to be used Marxism-Leninism or Arab Socialism. The question of which will win out, Marxism-Leninism or Arabism has in truth, already been decided and has already played itself out, but many intellectuals wish to ignore the truth and continue espousing Marxism-Leninism and old lines. So, it is time enough that we Arabs address the issue for ourselves.
Socialism has existed for centuries. According to even Marx himself, he did not create Socialism, but it had existed in other forms (from Christian Socialism to Utopian Socialism to Pre-Feudal Socialism etc.). The roots of Socialism for the Arab must then begin with the classic society based along tribal lines, in which the tribe itself owned everything and every member of the tribe benefitted from this. This is a base-form of Socialism, which was not advanced nor did it single-handidly unite the Arab nation, but all members of the Arab nation lived in and moved from this sort of society.
From the three primary "first civilizations" of Arabs in the Bilad al-Rafidayn (modern Iraq), the Nile (modern Egypt) and the Indus Valley (modern India), Arab civilization began to develop out of tribal based society and into a more complex society. These societies often lived on the basis of slavery and in some advanced cases, serfdom. With the rise of the Message of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), the unification of the Arab homeland began. This revolution itself did not finish or conclude with the life of the Prophet, but it only began there. Over the following centuries, the Arab homeland was mostly united from al-Andalus to India, the height coming during the reign of the Khalifate of the Abassids in Baghdad.
The first main Socialism during this period was the revolution of Hamdan Qarmat. Qarmat believed in radical equality, as well as a form of mysticism and he led a revolution in Bahrain (historical Bahrain, the region). In the state he established, all people received an equal amount of necessities and lived quite well and participated in society as equals. Over the next few decades however, his society sunk into banditry and eventually collapsed in on itself. Nonetheless, the radical message he preached would have great impact on the people of that region.
By the late-1000s by the Western calendar, the Arab homeland was in crisis. The Turks had by-and-large taken over much of the Abbasid lands, while the Fatimids of Egypt had formed their own Khalifate. With the coming of the Crusades, things only went from bad to worse. During this time, a man named Hassan as-Sabbah, who had been studying in Egypt, began to propagate a rebellion against the Turks, Fatimids and the Crusaders. Establishing his base at Alamut, the Assassins, as they become known, launched a campaign against all 3. Working often by assassination, they also propagated their ideology in villages, gaining bases and villages around key cities, they were able to wage their people's wars to a large degree of success, notably assassinating Nizam al-Mulk the Vizier of the Seljuk Turks in 1092, Ibn al-Khashshab the Seljuk Qadi of Aleppo in 1125, Al-Afdal Shahanshah the Vizier of the Fatimids in 1121, Khalifah Al-Amir of the Fatimids in 1130, Raymond II the Count of Tripoli in 1152 and even the Christian King of Jerusalem Conrad of Montferrat in 1192. These successes largely achieved their goals and their leader, Rashid ad-Din Sinan came to an understanding with Salah ah-Din later. The efforts of Hamdan Qarmat in creating a Socialist society, as well as Hassan as-Sabbah in the formation of a vanguard organization as well as a successful people's war, far pre-date the works and lives of Marx, Lenin or Mao.
Another greatly important theoretician was Ibn Khaldun, whose works clarified the contradiction inherent in civilizations and ruling classes, which cause their rise and fall and rise of a new order. His works also clarified the fundamentals of economics. Truly, Ibn Khaldun did 500 years earlier, what most give credit to Marx for inventing.
The history of Socialism in Arabia and the Arab context far pre-date Marxism-Leninism and Maoism, it would be very unwise and foolish for Arabs to discard thousands of years of history and shorten history to the past 200 years as most Marxists do. There is nothing in Marx, Engels, Lenin or Mao for Arabs to learn, for we Arabs can look amongst our own history for knowledge.
Friday, August 29, 2008
The past few weeks were full of events, perhaps even with clear signs that we are nearing the end of the unipolar era, and returning to different centers and polarization in the international arena. Perhaps the most important events of this was the Russian attitude towards the deployment of a U.S. defense system( anti-ballistic long-range missiles) on the territory of Poland. In this context, Deputy Chief of the Russian general staff, General Anatoly Togovetsin threatened that the deployment of this system will put Russian-American relations at risk and that they expose Poland to the risk of attack by Russian nuclear weapons.
This is the first time since the end of the Cold War between East and West that it is in the plans to set-up nuclear missiles in Europe, according to a British report. The reasons for this trend is the feeling of the Russian administration that there is a need to counter the U.S. strategy of encircling Russian territory. They may be used to weaken the deterrent capabilities, including having to resort to taking appropriate measures to counter the threats against national security. The British newspaper "The Times" quoted that the Kremlin plan, is likely to include the deployment of missiles in Kaliningrad- a Russian province situated between Lithuania and Poland. Kaliningrad has been declared a nuclear weapons-free-zone following an agreement between Moscow and Washington on reducing nuclear arsenals at the end of the cold war era.
The other major event is the Russian military intervention in Georgia, destroying a number of institutions and infrastructure and the recognition of the independence of Abkhazia and South Ossetia from the Georgian state and the general Turkish Pro-Russian stance.
An understanding of the recent events in Russian politics, requires a careful reading of developments in Russia and the surrounding areas, and its effects on international politics.
Former Russian President Putin has been able during his recent tenure to introduce Russia on the international scene, after recovering from the collapse and organizing at home. It began with the production of the latest fighter aircraft in the world, then continued with the announcement of a missile-system which can avoid "missle interception" capable also of carrying nuclear warheads. The hegemony of the U.S. administration gave him dedicated allies, Venezuelan president Chavez's latest arms deals and aircraft and ballistic weapons to Syria show this.
At the global level, Russia opposed the decision to impose further sanctions on Iran, and has announced reservation at a decision by the UN Security Council to form an international tribunal for the killers of the late Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri. He also questioned the issuance of another resolution from the Security Council to close the file of Iraqi weapons of mass destruction. He strongly opposed US policy in Kosovo, despite the Left's silence and urged a steadfast stop to the European missile shield project which was announced by President George W. Bush, he threatened to return the cold war and stop the disarmament talks. It also expelled four British diplomats and refusing to extradite several Russian security service members accused of killing a Briton under the argument that the Constitution does not allow extradition of Russian citizens to another state. He also used vetoed condemnation of the President of Zimbabwe. All indications from the Kremlin clarify in unequivocal terms the return of the cold war climate with new formulations of more pragmatism and objectivity, and away from the glint in ideological disputes.
Recent developments, without a doubt will be a new era in the history of international relations, and will end the era of emergency in human history, the uniqueness of the era in which American decision-making violated and flouted all international laws and norms.
We have been in the era of uni-polarity after the end of the Cold War. A dark and grim era in human history, which resulted in the emergence of "new McCarthyism" and the occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq and creating ethnic, sectarian and fundamentalist lines in an attempt to ignite civil war in Iraq, Algeria and Somalia, Yemen and Lebanon with the overall aim of disintegrating social fabric there and in a number of other Arab countries in preparation for the creation of a state of fragmentation and ripping them further apart. They have imposed a siege and a state of emergency on Palestinian towns and cities and build roadblocks and walls. If the occupation of Afghanistan and Iraq, is a genuine expression of the manifestations of the end of the Cold War, and the rule of unilateralism, the events of Georgia, the Russian attitude towards the planned missile shield developed in Eastern Europe perhaps represent a new era in international relations. A return to the era of accountability to charters, treaties and conventions, and a restoration of the confidence in international law and the Charter of the United Nations. It will be the outcome of this era of reformulation of the map of alliances in the world, enabling a number of countries to escape the grip of dominationalism.
What are the features of the new era, and their effects on the Arab reality, and how those changes should be taken by us, us Arabs, and other issues related, will be the subject of discussion at the next talk, God willing.
Thursday, August 28, 2008
Yesterday the Iranian Basij and police destroyed the largest religious school and masjid for the Sunnis in Iran in Zabol, Balochistan Province in eastern Iran has arrested many of its lecturers and students.
As reported by sources from the University, the government's armed forces attacked the Imam Abu Hanifa religious school, which is an affiliate of the University of Islamic Sciences in Zahedan. The Abu Hanifa School was the largest religious school for the Sunnis in Iran, where it was ranked second in terms of census and students ranked first in terms of overall progress in matters of education ranked according to Honor Degrees as well as scores on annual tests.
Sources confirmed that more than 80 cars belonging to police forces and elements of "Basijis" arrived at the Imam Abu Hanifa Masjid and arrested many professors and students who were taken to unknown locations and then proceeded to destroy the Masjid via bulldozers.
There has been no explanation by Iranian authorities or reasoning for this process. However, this is only one of many attacks by Iranian authorities against religious institutions and clerics this year, earlier this year a prominant Sunni scholar, Sheikh Ahmed Narhoei was arrested. The University of Islamic Sciences in Zahedan has stated: "We condemn these practices, which totally violate Islamic teachings and are incompatible with the principles of human rights and totally contradicts that which is in the Iranian constitution which gives full rights for us to pursue our own affairs in education."
Our Arab brothers and sisters in the Ahwazi Arab Renaissance Party have described the operation as a crime which stems from the sectarian discrimination and racial hatred exercised by leaders of the Iranian regime against the Sunnis in particular, but also all Non-Persian peoples and nationalities. They have also called on Arab and Islamic movements defending the Iranian regime, especially Islamic Jihad, Hamas and the Muslim Brotherhood and others to condemn this heinous act and other crimes committed daily against Arabs and Sunnis in Iran.
This is a new video release from the Supreme Command for Jihad and Liberation, led by President Izzat Ibrahim ad-Douri.
It is mainly composed of attacks from August as well as a few from July it is very large and split into 5 parts.
Part 1- Introduction
Part 2- Launching Missles
Part 3- Mortars and Artillery
Part 4- Explosives
Part 5- Sniping and Conclusion
May the Resistance be victorious and may all invaders be pushed from Arab lands.
For now, this blog is managed single-handidly, but volunteers are very welcome.